A misnomer, perhaps, as no country can actually be self-reliant. But this section tries to estimate the extent to which the economies have grown their exports strengths and reduced dependence on imports. Closed economies experimenting with “technology transfer” (that is, attempting to replicate industries domestically and focus primarily on producing home-grown goods, closing out imports) was a 70s and 80s trend, Africa’s governments have mostly ditched it by now. Playing to their comparative advantage strengths is the modus operandi that they (rightly) espouse - at least on paper.
All values are moving averages for the 5 years leading up to - and including - the reference year.
Sources of raw data: World Bank, IMF, AfDB
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