7. Investor Confidence
14 parameters this time try to estimate the zest with which foreign investment, especially, enters into the various countries’ business sectors.
Emphasis is given to private capital - rather than government - as this is always made with the confident expectation of desired returns. Government investment (in roads, for example) might well be made without expectation of profit and wouldn’t be deemed as a confidence measure. Indeed, public sector investment is often made with the intention of boosting private sector consumption, even when these public sector investments are financially non-rewarding in the strict sense.
Also, only fixed investment is considered here; investments via stocks aren’t, for the reason that they can be very short-term and fleeting, and so not necessarily a confidence vote on the economy’s structural fundamentals.
All values are moving averages for the 5 years leading up to - and including - the reference year.
Sources of raw data: UNCTAD, AfDB
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